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TheLiberatoris a physible, 3D-printable single shot handgun, the first such printable firearm design made widely available online.
In 2012, the U.S.-based groupDefense Distributeddisclosed plans to design a working plasticgunthat could be downloaded and reproduced by anybody with a3D printer.Defense Distributed has also designed a 3D printableAR-15type rifle lower receiver (capable of lasting more than 650 rounds) and a variety of magazines, including ones for AK-47.Soon after Defense Distributed succeeded in designing the first working blueprint to produce a plastic gun with a 3D printer in May 2013. TheUnited States Department of Statedemanded that they remove the instructions from their website, deeming it a violation of theArms Export Control Act.
In 2013 a Texas company,Solid Concepts, demonstrated a 3D printed version of anM1911 pistolmade of metal, using an industrial 3D printer.
After Defense Distributed released their plans, questions were raised regarding the effects that 3D printing and widespread consumer-levelCNCmachiningmay have ongun controleffectiveness.
The U.S.Department of Homeland Securityand theJoint Regional Intelligence Centerreleased a memo stating Significant advances in three-dimensional (3D) printing capabilities, availability of free digital 3D printer files for firearms components, and difficulty regulating file sharing may present public safety risks from unqualified gun seekers who obtain or manufacture 3D printed guns, and that proposed legislation to ban 3D printing of weapons may deter, but cannot completely prevent their production. Even if the practice is prohibited by new legislation, online distribution of these digital files will be as difficult to control as any other illegally traded music, movie or software files.
Internationally, where gun controls are generally tighter than in the United States, some commentators have said the impact may be more strongly felt, as alternative firearms are not as easily obtainable.European officials have noted that producing a 3D printed gun would be illegal under their gun control laws,and that criminals have access to other sources of weapons, but noted that as the technology improved the risks of an effect would increase.Downloads of the plans from the UK, Germany, Spain, and Brazil were heavy.
Attempting to restrict the distribution over the Internet of gun plans has been likened to the futility of preventing the widespread distribution ofDeCSSwhich enabled.After the US government had Defense Distributed take down the plans, they were still widely available viaThe Pirate Bayand other file sharing sites.Some US legislators have proposed regulations on 3D printers, to prevent them being used for printing guns.3D printing advocates have suggested that such regulations would be futile, could cripple the 3D printing industry, and could infringe on free speech rights.
InAustralia, the state law ofNew South Walescriminalizes the possession of the digital plans and files to 3D print firearms under Section 51F of the Firearms Act 1996.In at least one instance, a loaded 3D printed firearm was found during a police raid on a meth lab.
In theUnited Kingdom, theFirearms Act 1968bans the manufacturing of guns and gun parts without government approval.Hence, 3D printed weapons are de facto banned because the law makes bans all manufacturing, regardless of method. However, theHome Officeupdated its Guide on Firearms Licensing Law to specifically mention the ban on 3D printed weapons.In 2013, a police raid on a Manchester gang resulted in seizures in what are believed to be 3D printed gun parts. The Greater Manchester police believe they found a trigger and a magazine along with a quantity ofgunpowder.
Under theUndetectable Firearms Actany firearm that cannot be detected by a metal detector is illegal to manufacture, so legal designs for firearms such as theLiberatorrequire a metal plate to be inserted into the printed body. The act had a sunset provision to expire December 9, 2013. SenatorCharles Schumerproposed renewing the law, and expanding the type of guns that would be prohibited.Proposed renewals and expansions of the current Undetectable Firearms Act (H.R. 1474S. 1149) include provisions to criminalize individual production of firearm receivers and magazines that do not include arbitrary amounts of metal, measures outside the scope of the original UFA and not extended to cover commercial manufacture.
On December 3, 2013, theUnited States House of Representativespassed the billTo extend the Undetectable Firearms Act of 1988 for 10 years (H.R. 3626; 113th Congress).The bill extended the Act, but did not change any of the laws provisions.
InJapan, in May 2014, Yoshitomo Imura was the first person to be arrested for possessing printed guns. Imura had five guns, two of which were capable of being fired, but had no ammunition. Imura had previously posted blueprints and video of his guns to the Internet, which set off the investigation.
List of 3D printed weapons and parts
Wiki Weapon Project Aims To Create A Gun Anyone Can 3D-Print At Home.
Poeter, Damon (August 24, uld a Printable Gun Change the World?.
Download this gun: 3D-printed semi-automatic fires over 600 rounds.
Blueprints for 3-D printer gun pulled off website.
Defense Distributed v. United States Department of State.
Gross, Doug (2013-11-09).Texas company makes metal gun with 3-D printer. CNN
3D Printers, Meet Othermill: A CNC machine for your home office (VIDEO). Guns.com
Clark (6 October 2011).The Third Wave, CNC, Stereolithography, and the end of gun control. PopeHat.com.
Rosenwald, Michael S. (2013-02-25).Weapons made with 3-D printers could test gun-control efforts.
Making guns at home: Ready, print, fire. The Economist. 2013-02-16
Rayner, Alex (6 May 2013).3D-printable guns are just the start, says Cody Wilson.
Manjoo, Farhad (2013-05-08).3-D-printed gun: Yes, it will be possible to make weapons with 3-D printers. No, that doesnt make gun control futile. Slate.com
Homeland Security bulletin warns 3D-printed guns may be impossible to stop. Fox News. 2013-05-23
Cochrane, Peter (2013-05-21).Peter Cochranes Blog: Beyond 3D Printed Guns. TechRepublic
Gilani, Nadia (2013-05-06).Gun factory fears as 3D blueprints put online by Defense Distributed Metro News. Metro.co.uk
Liberator: First 3D-printed gun sparks gun control controversy. Digitaljournal.com
First 3D Printed Gun The Liberator Successfully Fired – IBTimes UK. Ibtimes.co.uk. 2013-05-07. Archived fromthe originalon 2013-10-29
US demands removal of 3D printed gun blueprints. neurope.eu
España y EE.UU. lideran las descargas de los planos de la pistola de impresin casera Economa EL PAS. Economia.elpais.com. 2013-05-09
Controlled by Guns. Quiet Babylon. 2013-05-07
3dprinting Jon Camfield dot com. Joncamfield.com
State Dept Censors 3D Gun Plans, Citing National Security – News from Antiwar.com. News.antiwar.com. 2013-05-10
Wishful Thinking Is Control Freaks Last Defense Against 3D-Printed Guns – Hit & Run. Reason.com. 2013-05-08
The Pirate Bay steps in to distribute 3-D gun designs. Salon.com. 2013-05-10
Sen. Leland Yee Proposes Regulating Guns From 3-D Printers «CBS Sacramento. Sacramento.cbslocal.com. 2013-05-08
Schumer Announces Support For Measure To Make 3D Printed Guns Illegal «CBS New York. Newyork.cbslocal.com. 2013-05-05
Ball, James (10 May government attempts to stifle 3D-printer gun designs will ultimately fail.
Like It Or Not, 3D Printing Will Probably Be Legislated. TechCrunch. 2013-01-18
Beckhusen, Robert (2013-02-15).3-D Printing Pioneer Wants Government to Restrict Gunpowder, Not Printable Guns Danger Room. Wired.com
How Defense Distributed Already Upended the World – Philip Bump. The Atlantic Wire. 2013-05-10
Putrich, Gayle S. (13 May 2013).Plastic gun draws eyes to 3-D printing. European Plastics News.
New South Wales Legislation.Section 51F of Firearms Act 1996 (NSW).
Mudgeeraba acreage raided, 3D-printed gun and drug lab allegedly found. ABC News AU
UK Home Office.Guide on Firearms Licensing Law
Press Association (October 25, 2013).Suspected 3D-printed gun found in Manchester gang raid, say police.
Senator seeks to extend ban on undetectable 3D-printed guns.
H.R. 3626 – All Actions. United States Congress
House votes to renew ban on plastic firearms.
Japanese man arrested for possessing 3-D printer guns
How 3-D Printed Guns Evolved Into Serious Weapons in Just One Year,
Should We Be Afraid of the 3D Printed Gun?,
This page was last edited on 22 November 2017, at 22:06.